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Water is a crucial resource in Agriculture / Horticulture. The judicious use and conservation of water, is of utmost importance in Modern Horticulture.

In this context the use of Micro Irrigation has become a basic necessity.

The use of Micro Irrigation helps not only in conservation of water resources but also brings profit to the farmer.

Horticulture in Karnataka

After the fall of Tipu Sultan in the year 1799, the Lalbagh was taken over by the English and as far as can be traced, it was owned by a military botanist, Major Waugh and remained in his possession until 1819. Then he gifted this garden to the Marques Warren Hastings, the Governor General of the East India Company, who in turn appointed Dr.Wallich, the Superintendent of the Royal Botanical Garden, Calcutta, as the in charge Deputy Superintendent of the Lalbagh Botanical gardens. This arrangement continued till 1831.


Dr.M.H Marigowda took the charge of the post of the Superintendent of Horticulture in Mysore, in 1951, the developmental works in the state started with an unprecedented pace. In 1963, consequent to the formation of the separate Department of Horticulture, he was elevated to the post of the Director of Horticulture. Several schemes which were earlier handled by the Agriculture Department, were transferred to this newly created Department.


The Department of Horticulture has recognized the advantages in using the Drip Irrigation and has been promoting its use among the farmers since 1991-92. Since inception of the scheme, an area of 4.14lakh hectares been brought under Drip Irrigation utilizing an amount of Rs.1092.38 crores for providing subsidy. Number of Beneficiaries benefited under the scheme since inception is 3,09,937..

Growth of Horticulture in Karnataka

The growth of Horticulture in the state has a thrilling historical background, which reveals several interesting facts, milestones of achievements and pride legacies. Karnataka is the first state in the entire country to have a separate Horticulture Department, and many other states, at later years, followed the example of Karnataka . Because of this, the state could achieve remarkable progress in many fronts of Horticulture, whether Fruits or Vegetables or Flowers or Plantation crops. Although some Horticulture crops were grown in the state since time immemorial, their cultivation on commercial scale started just two and a half century before. The first acknowledgeable credit for initiation of cultivation of Horticulture crops in the state undoubtedly goes to Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan. At about 1760,Hyder Ali started a small royal orchard near Bangalore Fort, which was called by the name Lalbagh. After him, Tipu Sultan improved this garden by making systematic layouts and undertaking comprehensive planting programme. He collected several important native and exotic species of flowers, fruits, vegetables and other plants, obtained from several far off places such as Malacca, Isle of France, Oman, Arabia, Persia, Turkey, Zanzibar, France and other European countries. At Srirangapatna, his capital, he had established another garden of fame by the same name as Lalbagh, in which also he had introduced several ornamental and horticulture plants. At Ganjam, near Srirangapatna, he had developed a vast Fig orchard. Several of the fruits species, which Tipu Sultan had introduced then, eventually became the commercial crops of the then Mysore province, and to quote a few are: Fig, Mulberry (for Sericulture), Grapes, Pomegranates, Rose, several European vegetable crops etc.

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In Karnataka the assistance is available for a maximum area of 5 Hectares per beneficiary family for both Drip and Sprinkler irrigation. Under drip / Sprinkler irrigation the subsidy is provided at 90% for the first 2 hectares and for the remaining 3 hectares subsidy is 50% in all the 30 districts of the State. As per the Government of India Guidelines the area for subsidy per beneficiary is restricted to 5 ha.